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With the widespread introduction of mobile communications, an increasing number of people are attributing symptoms of disease to the radiation effects of cell towers and cell phones. In 2011 for the first time, the Canadian environmental physicians Genuis and Lipp presented a complete research overview on electro-hypersensitivity.

For the diagnosis of EHS a detailed medical history is important. The EUROPAEM Guideline 2016 recommends that all occurring symptoms as well as the time and place of their occurrence be recorded in the context of EMF exposures. The EMF exposure is usually determined by measurements at home and at work. Also the individual sensitivity of the patient to EMF must be taken into account in the diagnosis.

It can cause the following symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Exhaustion
  • Lack of energy
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep problems
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Flu-like symptoms

Currently there is no reliable scientific evidence linking EHS symptoms to the effects of electromagnetic fields. The proof is methodologically very difficult.

Depending on the definition, the therapeutic approaches are also different:

  • Sieht man EHS nicht als eine durch EMF ausgelöste Krankheit, so zielt die Therapie auf eine Behandlung der Symptomatik und des klinischen Bildes ab.
  • If EHS is not considered to be a disease triggered by EMF, the therapy aims at treating the symptoms and the clinical picture.
  • According to the EUROPAEM Guideline, all sources of high levels of EMF exposure, whether at home or at work, should be reduced or removed to give the body “rest periods” and allow recovery. As a result, the EHS symptoms reduce or disappear completely.
  • EMF as a disease trigger: According to the EUROPAEM Guideline, there is clear evidence of interactions between complaints and exposure to electromagnetic fields. However, the individual sensitivity to environmental influences are often not taken into account. Long-term exposure to certain electromagnetic fields thus constitutes a risk factor for certain diseases, such as various types of cancer, Alzheimer's disease and male infertility. EHS is also increasingly being recognised by health authorities, politicians and courts.
  • According to a WHO working group, electro-hypersensitivity is not a medical condition, but a phenomenon that cannot be caused by cell phone radiation but by its unfounded fear leading to symptoms.
  • The European Academy for Environmental Medicine (EURO PAEM) on the other hand, classified EHS as a chronic multi-system disease, in connection with environmental influences, comparable with multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS).

Even if the causes are evaluated in different ways, both institutions agree that the symptoms of EHS are real and a massive restriction for those affected, which often leads to incapacity for work.

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